‘Emissions’ in country NDC GHG target – generally refers to Scope 1, 2, 3?

QuestionsCategory: General‘Emissions’ in country NDC GHG target – generally refers to Scope 1, 2, 3?
Bhaveer ShahBhaveer Shah asked 4 months ago

What Scope do/should the emissions targets cover/refer to in most NDCs please, as a rule of thumb?

Example:  EU’s NDC ‘40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990’. 
I assume this NDC refers to Scope 1+2 emissions only, and not Scope 3? This question obviously matters for oil-producing countries, in order to understand the extent to which indirect emissions are in their reduction targets. If Scope 3 is usually referred to , then surely there would be double-counting when global emissions are summed up?

In your answer any referencing document with a page/section would also be kindly appreciated – e.g.any standardized by the UN about what ’emissions’ should refer to at a country level.

Many thanks

1 Answers
INDC SupportINDC support answered 4 months ago

Scope 1 refers to direct emission reductions, scope 2 refers to indirect emission reductions, and scope 3 refers to “other” indirect emission reductions. Scope 3 is often (but not always) related to emissions from suppliers.
Parties seldom specify the scope of the emission reductions envisaged in their NCDs. For this reason, and unless otherwise specified, Scope 1 is assumed. In general, it is advisable for countries to specify the type of emission reductions (scope 1, 2, or 3) associated with each NDC target.
For a reference, see for example page 25 of this document.